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Beowulf on Steorarume

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aéd(e)r, f., (vein), stream, (artery), ("eddre"); dp. aédrum 2966, édrum 743. [Ger. Ader, ON. æd, Dan. aare, OFrs. eddere, eddre]

aédre, adv., speedily, early, forthwith, directly, instantly, fully; 77, 354, 3106. [OS. ádro]

aéfen, m.n. (ja.), evening; 1235, 2303. [eve(n); OHG. áband, Ger. Abend, OFrs. ávend, Dan. aften, Icel. aptan, aftan]

aéfen-grom**, adj., angry/hostile/fierce/(grim) in the 'evening'; 2074.

aéfen-léoht** , n., evening-light; 413.

aéfen-ræst**, f., evening-rest; as. -e, 646; gs. -e, 1252.

aéfen-spraéc**, f., evening-speech; as. -e, 759.

aéfnan*, w1., perform, do; 1464, efnan 1041, 2622; ger. efnanne, 1941; pres. opt. 3 sg. efne, 2535; pret. 1 sg. efnde, 2133; 3 sg. æfnde 1254, efnde 3007; make (ready), pp. geæfned, 1107, 3106.

ge-æfnan*, w1., carry out; pret. 1 pl. geæfndon, 538.

aéfre, adv., ever, at any time (in any case); 70, 280, 504, 692, 1101, 1314; in negative clause (never), 2600. Cpd.: naéfre.

æfter,
   I. prep.,
w. dat. (instr.: 724), after; (1) local: after, along, through, among, on; 140, 580, 944, 995, 1067, 1315, 1403, 1425, 1572, 1964, 2261, 2288, 2294, 2832; semi-adv. (verb of motion understood: 'follow') 2816; (2) (orig. local,) denoting the direction of an inquiry or turn of one's desire or feelings: after, about; 332, 1320, 1879; (sorrow for deceased, cp. (4):) 1342, 2268, 2461, 2463; (in pursuit of, striving after,:) 1720, 2179.; (3) modal: in accordance with, conforming to; ~ rihte, 1049, 2110; 1320, 3096; ~ wordcwydum, 2753 (cp. temp. (4)).; (4) temporal: after, sometimes verging on the sense of in consequence of, on account of; 85, 117, 119, 128, 187, 824, 995, 1008, 1149, 1213, 1255, 1258, 1301, 1315, 1492, 1589, 1606, 1680, 1775, 1938, 1943, 2030, 2052, 2060, 2066, 2176, 2532, 2582, 2669, 2803, 3000; cp. (wyrcan) wunder ~ wundre, 931; ~ (after [obtaining]) máððumwelan, 2750; w. persons: 1255, 2260; --constr. w. instr.: æfter þon, 724.
   II. adv., after(coming after somebody w/ ref. to something); word æfter cwæð, 315 (thereupon), similarly, 341, 2154; 1389; semi-prep.: 12, 2731. [Go. aftra, ON. eptir, eftir; Skt. apara]

æf-þunca(**)(+), wk.m., vexation, displeasure, chagrin; 502 (n.). [cp. of-þyncan]

aég-hwá, m., aég-hwæt, n., pron., every one, everything; dsm. aéghwaém, 1384; gsn. aéghwæs (unrím), 2624, 3135; semi-adv., in every respect: aéghwæs untaéle, 1865, similarly, 1886. [*á-gi-hwá]

aég-hwaér, adv., everywhere, always; 1059. [*á-gi-hwaér]

aég-hwæðer, pron. subst., each (of two:) nsm., 2843; gsn. aéghwæþres, 287; dsm. aéghwæðrum, 2564; (of more than two:) dsm. ~, 1636. [*á-gi-; either]

aég-hwylc, pron., each (one), every (one); adj.: 1228, 2590; asm. -ne, 621; subst. (absol. or w/ gen.): nsm., 9, 984, 987, 1165, 1386, 2887; dsm. -um, 1050. [*á-gi-]

aég-laéca, see ág-laéca.

aég-weard**, f., watch by the sea/shore; as. -e, 241.

aéht, f. -i., property, goods, wealth; ap. -e, 2248; -possession, power; as. aéht, 1679, (flódes, wæteres) ~, 42, 516. [ágan; OHG. éht, Go. aíhts, ON. átt] -Cpds.: gold-, máðm-.

aéht(**), f., pursuit, chase; 2957 (n.). [=óht, Go. áihts, OHG. áhta, Ger. Acht; cp. éhtan, w1.]

æhtian, see eahtian.

ge-htle (-a?)**, wk.f. (m.?), consideration, esteem; gs. gehtlan, 369. [eahtian]

aéled*, m., fire; 3015. [OS. éld, ON. eldr]

aéled-léoma*, wk.m., gleam of fire, torch; as. -léoman, 3125.

lf-here, m. -ja., kinsman of Wglf; gs. -es, 2604. (Woolf (1934) argues that this may be Beowulf's given name (with 'Beowulf' as a sort of nickname), see also Collinder) [lf- 'elf'; here 'army' > MnE. name Oliver; see further under OE. entry ylfe]

æl-mihtig, adj., almighty (god); wk.: 92. (cp. Lat. 'omnipotens'; see al-walda) [Go. ala-; see eall]

æl-with*, f. -i. (n.), alien being, strange creature; gp. -a 1500. [cp. ellor-gást; ON. alvitr]

aéne, adv., once; 3029. [án]

aénig, pron., any; adj.: 503, 510, 534, 1099, 1353, 1560, 2297, 2731; nsf., 802, 2493, 2772; dsm. aénegum, 655; asm., aénigne, 627, 1772, 1851, 3080, 3127; asf., 972, 2449, 2548; gpm., aénige 932; -subst., aénig, absol.: 3129; w/ gen.: 779, 1353, 2734, 3054; dsm. aénigum 474, 1461, aénigum 793, 2416, aénegum 842; isn. (w/ partit gp.:) aénige þinga, in any way, by any means, 791, 2374, 2905. - cpd.: naénig.

aén-lic, adj., only, unique, peerless, excellent, glorious, beautiful; nsf. aénlic 251, aénlicu 1941. [án]

aénne, see án.

æppel-fealu**, adj. -wa., bay, (apple-fallow);; npm. -fealuwe, 2165. see fealu.

aér,
    I. adv.,
(ere), before, formerly, previously; w/ pret. (freq. imparting a pluperf. sense): 15, 655, 694, 757, 778, 825, 831, 941, 1054, 1079, 1187, 1238, 1300, 1356, 1381, 1466, 1525, 1587, 1615, 1618, 1676, 1751, 1858, 1891, 1915, 2248, 2349, 2562, 2595, 2606, 2712, 3003, 3060; 3038 (first); eft swá aér, 642, 1787; aér ond síð, at all times, 2500; (naéfre…) aér né siþðan, at any time, 718;-w/ pluperf.: 3075, 3164; -w. pres.: 1182, 1370 (sooner, see II.);-nó þý aér (w/ pret.), none the sooner, yet...not, 754, 1502, 2081, 2160, 2373, 2466. - comp. aéror, before, formerly, 809, 2654 (first), ærer, [3168]. see aérra. - supl. aérest, 6, 1947.
   II. conj., before, ere; w/ pret. opt., 264, 676, 2818; w/ pret. ind., 2019, 1496 (opt.?); w/ pres. opt.: rather than 252, w. correl. adv. aér, 1371. -aér þon, w/ pret. opt., 731.
   III. prep., w. dat. ere, before (temporal); 1388, 2320, 2798. [Go. air, airis, Ger. eher]

aér-dæg, m., early day, day-break ds. (mid, samod) aérdæge, 126, 1311, 2942.

aérende, n. -ja., errand, message; as., 270, 345.

aérest, see aér.

aér-fæder**, m. cons., old father, forefather; 2622.

aér-gestréon*, n., ancient treasure/wealth ("i-streon"); as. (p.?), 1757; gp. -a, 2232.

aér-geweorc*, n., work of olden times, ancient work; 1679.

aér-gód**, adj., good from ancient times, old and good, (of something whose goodness is related to its age, like wine?); 130, 989, 1329, 2586, 2342.

ærn, n., house, dwelling, building; gs. -es, [2225]. see ren-weard. [Go. razn; ON. rann, whence rannsaka, Mn.E. ransack] Cpds.: heal-, hord-, medo-, þrýð-, wín-.

aéror, see aér.

aérra, adj. comp., former, earlier; dp. aérran, 907, 2237, 3035.

aér-wela**, wk. m., ancient wealth/treasure; as. -welan, 2747. [weal]

aés, n., food, meat, carrion, carcass; ds. aése, 1332. [etan; OHG. ás, Ger. Aas]

æsc, m., (ashen) spear*; dp. -um, 1772.

sc-here, m. -ja., a counselor and warrior of the Danes, close companion of Hrgr; 1323, 1329; gs. -es, 1420; ds. -e, 2122. [sc (ON. askr), ('ash-') 'spear' (Scand. 'boat', see 'Battle of Maldon' l.69); here 'army']

æsc-holt*, n., (ash wood, i.e.) spear; np., 330.

æsc-wiga*, wk. m., (spear) warrior; 2042.

æt, prep., w/ dat., at, near, in (place, circumstance, time); 32, 45, 81, 175, 224, 500, 517, 584, 617, 882, 953, 1073, 1089, 1110, 1114, 1147, 1156, 1166, 1168, 1248, 1267, 1337, 1460, 1477, 1535, 1525, 1588, 1618, 1659, 1665, 1914, 1916, 1923, 2041, 2258, 2270, 2353, 2491, 2526, 2575, 2585, 2612, 2629, 2659, 2681, 2684, 2694, 2709, 2790, 2803, 2823, 2878, 3013, 3026, [F. 16, 31, 37]; w/ persons: at þé, 1377, 2149; after verbs of taking, receiving, obtaining: from (at the hands of) a person, 629, 930, 2374, 2429, 2860. [Go. at]

aét, m. (n.?), meal; ds. -e, 3026. [etan]

æt-bearn, IV, bear (to), carry (to), bear away; 1561; pret. 1 sg. ætbær, 3092; 3 sg. ~, 519, 624, 2127, 2614; 3 pl. ætbaéron, 28.

æt-féolan, III, w/ dat., stick to, hold firmly; pret. 1 sg. ætfealh, 968.

æt-ferian(**)(+), w1., carry away (w/ dat., from); pret. 1 sg. ætferede, 1669.

æt-gædere, adv., together (in connexion w/ notions of rest); 321, 1187; 1164; samod ætgædere, 329, 387, 729, 1063. [cp. tó-gædre, geador]

æt-gifan**, V, give; 2878. [Go. at-giban]

æt-graépe**, adj. -ja., grasping at, aggressive; ~ weorðan (w/ dat.), lay hold of, 1269. [grípan]

æt-hrínan(**)+, I, w/ gen. or dat., touch; pret. 3 sg. <æt>hrán, 722.

æt-hweorfan**, III, turn (intr.), go; pret. 3 sg. æthwearf, 2299.

æt-rihte*, adv., immediately, (right away); 1657.

æt-somne, adv., together; 307, 402, 544, 2847; geador ~, 491. [cp. tó-somne, samod]

æt-springan(**), III, spring forth, flow out; pret. 3 sg. ætspranc, 1121.

æt-standan, VI, stand fixed, stop; pret. 3 sg. ætstód, 891.

æt-steppan**, VI, step forth; pret. 3 sg. ætstóp, 745.

ættren (aétren), adj., poisonous, venomous; 1617. [átor, attor]

æt-wegan**, V, carry, carry away; pret. 3 sg. ætwæg, 1198.

æt-windan(**)+, III, w/ dat. flee away, escape; pret. 3 sg. ætwand, 143.

æt-wítan, I, w/ acc. of thing, reproach, charge, blame [somebody] for something, censure; pret. 3 pl. ætwiton, 1150. [twit] see oð-.

æþele, adj. -ja., noble, excellent, glorious, splendid, valuable; 198, 263, 1312; gsn. wk. æðelan, 2234. [Ger. edel, OHG. adal 'noble' < Gmc. *athala- < compounded IE. *at(i)- 'over, beyond' + IE. *al- 'to nourish' (Watkins 5:at-al-/Pokorny atos 71); cp. MnE. Alice < OFr. Aliz < OHG. Adalhaid 'nobility']

æþeling, m., noble, prince, man of royal blood, chief; hero, man; 130, 1112, 1225, 1815, 2188, 2342, 2443, 2506, 2667, 2715, [3135]; gs. -es, 33, 888, 1596, 2424; ds. -e, 1244, 2374; np. -as, 3, 982, 1804, 2888; gp. -a, 118, 1294, 1920, ~ bearn, 1408, 2597, 3170; dp. æþellingum, 906. [cp. Ger. Adel 'nobility', OHG. edili 'noble', Go. *aþal (in pr. name Athala-); for further etym., see above in entry for OE æþele] --Cpd.: sib-.

æþelu, n. -ja. p., (sing. *æþele, n., not found; æþelo, f.), (noble) descent, race, nobility, excellence of character; dp. æþelum gód, 1870, ~ díore, 1949; ap. æþelu, 392. -Cpg.: fæder-.

æðm, m., breath, breathing; ds. -e, 2593. [Ger. Atem, Odem; Skt. átman- 'breath, soul, life']