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W

w, adv., woe, ill; 183. [Go. wai]

wacian, w2., keep watch; (be awake); imp. sg. waca, 660 [< Gmc. *wakén < IE. *weg`- 'to be strong, be lively' (Watkins 95:weg-2/Pokorny ueg`- 1118); cf. OE. wicca 'sorcerer, wizard', OE. wicce 'witch' (> MnE. witch, wicked, wicca) < Gmc. *wikkjaz 'necromancer ( = 'one who wakes the dead')]. see below wccan & wcnan.

wada, -o, -u, see wd.

wadan, VI, go, advance; pret. 3 sg. wd, 714, 2661. [wade] --Cpds.: on-, urh-.

ge-wadan, VI, go, advance (to a certain point); pp. gewaden, 220.

wg, m., wall; ds. -e, 1662; dp. -um, 995. [Go. -waddjus, OS. wg]

wala(**), wk.m. (or m. -u.?), **re-inforced crest (on a helmet) (see diagram of Anglo-Saxon grim-helm); as.(?), walan, 1031. [cp. 'mark of blow', 'ridge'>wale; Go. walus 'staff']

waldend, see wealdend.

wald-swau**, f. (or -sw, n.), forest-track, -path; dp. -swaum, 1403. [wold; see swau]

wan, adj., see won(n).

wandrian, w2., wander, rove, circle; pret. 3 sg. wandrode, [F. 34].

wang, see wong.

wanian, w2., (1) intr., wane, diminish, waste away; 1607. (2) trans., lessen, diminish; pret. 3 sg. warode, 1253, 1265. [OS. warn, Ger. wahren]

waro, m., shore; ds. -e, 234; ap. -as, 1965. [OHG. werid; Ger. Werder]

wst, wt, see witan.

waol**, adj., wandering; [F. 8]. [cp. MHG. wadel, OHG. wadaln, walln, OE. weallian] (B.-T.: wol, from w, f., 'wandering')

wccan, w3.2., (Siev. 417 n.10), watch, be awake; pres. ptc. wccende, 708; asm., uninfl. 2841, wccendne, 1268. see wacian [< Gmc. *wakjan 'to be awake'- see wacian above for etym. notes].

wcnan(*), VI, w1. (Siev. 393 n.2), waken, arise, spring, be born; 85; pret. 3 sg. wc, 1265, 1960; 3 pl. wcun, 60. [Go. wakan, -waknan < Gmc. *waknan 'to wake' - see wacian above for etym. notes] --Cpd.: on-.

wd*, n., water, sea; (pl. w/ sg. meaning); np. wado, 546; gp. wada, 508. [cp. wadan]

ge-wade, n. -ja., dress, equipment, armour; ap. gewadu, 292. [wad > weeds] --Cpds.: brost-, eorl-, g-.

wafre*, adj. -ja., restless; 2420; nsn., 1150; wandering; nsm., 1331. [cf. wfian; Go. waibjan]

wag-bora**, wk.m., wave-roamer; 1440. [see wg; beran (borian?)] (Etymological meanings proposed: 'wave-bearer, -bringer, -traveller, -piercer, -disturber', 'offspring of the waves')

wage(*), n. -ja., cup, flagon; as., (fated) wage: 2253, 2282. [OS. wgi] --Cpds.: ealo-, l-.

wag-holm**, m., (billowy) sea; as., 217.

wag-lend(e)*, m. -c. (pres. ptc.)[pl.], seafarer; dp. -leundum, [3158].

Wag-mundingas, m.p., the family to which Whstn, Wglf, and Bowulf belong; gp. -a, 2607, 2814.

wag-sweord**, n., sword with wavy ornamentation ( = damascened/pattern-welded sword); as., 1489.

wl, n., those slain in battle (collect.), corpse(?); as., 448, 1212, 3027; np. walu, 1042; --slaughter, field of battle; ds. wle, 1113; as. wl, 635. [cp. OE. wl, wl-cyrge (Ice. val-kyrja) 'chooser of the slain', 'valkyrie'; OS. wal-(dd), OHG. wal, Ice. valr; ON. Val-halla 'hall of the slain' ('Odin's hall'); (cuneiform & hieroglyphic) Luv. wal= 'die'] --Cpd.: Frs-.

wl-bed(d)*, f. -j., bed of death; ds. bedde, 964.

wl-bend**, f. -j., deadly bond; ap. -e, 1936.

wl-blat**, adj., deadly, mortal; asf. -e, 2725. see blate.

wl-da**, m., murderous death; 695.

wl-dror*, m. or n., blood/gore of slaughter; ds. -e, 1631.

wl-fah**, adj., deadly feud; gp. -a, 2028.

wl-fg**, adj., slaughter-stained; asm. -ne, 1128.

wl-feal(l)(**), m., slaughter; ds. -fealle, 1711. see wl-fyl(l).

wl-fs**, adj., ready for death, eager for slaughter(?); 2420.

wl-fyl(l), m. -i., slaughter; gp. -fylla, 3155. see wl-feal(l).

wl-fyllo**, wk.f., abundance of (the) slain, fill of slaughter; ds. -fylle, 125. [full]

wl-fr**, n., murderous fire; ds. -e, 2582; funeral fire, fire for the slain; gp. -a, 1119.

wl-gast**, m. -i. murderous spirit; 1331; as., 1995. see gst.

wl-hlem(m)**, m. -ja.(?), slaughter-blow, onslaught; as. -hlem, 2969.

wll-seax**, n., slaughter-seax, battle-knife; ds. -e, 2703.

wlm, see wylm.

wl-n*, m., deadly hate, hostility; 3000; ds. -e, 85; np. -as, 2065.

wl-ras**, m., murderous onslaught, bloody conflict; 2947; ds. -e, 824, 2531; as. -ras, 2101.

wal-rp**, m., water-rope/fetter (i.e. ice); ap. -as, 1610. [wal 'deep pool', 'stream', weel (dial.); Go. -raips] (alternatively (as Kock), wl-rpas, 'slaughter/quelling chains')

wl-raf, n., spoil of battle; as., 1205.

wl-rc**, m. -i., deadly (reek) fumes; as., 2661.

wl-row, adj., fierce in battle; 629.

wl-rest*, f. -j.(?), bed of slaughter; as. -e, 2902.

Wls, m., father of Sigemund; gs. -es, 897. [cf. Goth, walis, γνησιος, 'genuine', 'legitimate']

wl-sceaft**, m., slaughter-(shaft, i.e.) spear; ap. -as, 398.

Wlsing, m., son of Wls, (i.e. Sigemund); gs. -es, 877. [cf. ON. Volsungr]

wl-sliht, m. -i., slaughter; gp. -a, [F. 28]. [slan; ON. *slahtr>slaughter]

wl-steng**, m. -i., pole of/for the slain; ds. -e, 1638.

wl-stw, f., place of the slain/slaughter, battle-field; ds. (or gs.) -e, 2051, 2984. [cp. Ger. Wa(h)lstatt]

wan (wgn), m., wain, waggon; 3134.

wapen, n., weapon; 1660; gs. wapnes, 1467; ds. wapne, 2965, 1664 (is.); as. wapen, 685, 1573, 2519, 2687; gp. wapna, 434, 1045, 1452, 1509, 1559; dp. wapnum, 250, 331, 2038, 2395; ap. wapen, 292. [Go. *wpn] --Cpds.: hilde-, sige-.

wapned-mon(n), m. -c. (be)weaponed person/man, i.e., male creature, man; ds. -men, 1284.

war, f., agreement, treaty; as. -e, 1100; --protection, keeping; ds. -e, 3109; as. -e, 27. [OHG. wra; cp. OS. OHG. wr, Go. -wrjan; Lat. verus] --Cpd.: frioo-.

wærc, m., pain, suffering; labour, difficulty, distress; as. wærc, [1721]; dp. wærcum, [1638]. --wærce (is.), adv., in: wærce wesan, be painful, grievous; [1418].

ware, waran, -on, ws, see eom.

wstm, m., growth, stature, form; dp. -um, 1352. [weaxan] --Cpd.: here-.

wter, n., water, sea; 93, 1416, 1514, 1631; gs. wteres, 471, 516, 1693, 2791; ds. wtere, 1425, 1656, 2722, wtre 2854; as. wter, 509, 1364, 1619, 1904, 1989, 2473. [Go. wat, Ger. Wasser, OHG. wassar < Gmc. *watar < IE. *wod-ór < IE. *wed- 'water, wet' (Watkins 95:wed-1/Pokorny 9. au(e)- 78); cf. Gr. 'υδωρ 'water', Hit. wátar 'water']

wter-egesa*, wk.m., water-terror, dreadful water(?); as. -egesan, 1260.

wter-**, f. -j., wave of the sea; dp. -um, 2242.

w, see ic.

wa, wk.m., woe, misery, trouble; 936; as. wan, 191, 423, 1206, 1991, 2292, 2937, [3000]; gp. wana, 148, 933, 1150, 1396, [F. [25]]. cp. w.

wa-dad*, f. -i., deed of woe; np. -a, [F. 8].

weal(l), m., wall (artificial or natural; of building, cave, rock, elevated shore [229, 572, 1224]); gs. wealles, 2323; ds. wealle, 229, 785, 891, 1573, 2307, 2526, 2542, 2716, 2759, 3060, 3103, 3161; as. weal, 326; ap. weallas, 572, 1224. [fr. Lat. vallum] --Cpds.: bord-, eor-, sa-, scild-.

wa-lf(*), f., woeful remnant, survivors of calamity; as. -e, 1084, 1098.

ge-wealc, n., rolling; as., 464. [cp. walk, OE> wealc(i)an]

ge-weald, n., power, control; as., 79, 654, 764, 808, 903, 950, 1087, 1610, 1684, 1727; dp. mid gewealdum, of his own accord, 2221.

wealdan, redup., control, have power over, rule, wield, possess; w/ dat. (instr.); 2038, 2390, 2574 (instr.), 2827, 2984 (gen.?); pret. 1 sg. wold, 465; 3 sg. ~, 30, 1057, 2379, 2595; 3 pl. woldon, 2051 (gen.?); --w/ gen.; pres. 1 sg. wealde, 1859; pret. 1 sg. wold, 1770; 3 sg. ~, 702; --abs.; inf., 2574(?); 442b: gif h wealdan (manage) mt (a set expression, see 'Genesis' l.2785b, 'Heliand' 220b).

ge-wealdan, redup., control, wield; w/ dat.; pret. 3 sg. gewold, 2703; --w/ gen.; inf., 1509; --w/ acc.; pret. 3 sg. gewold, 1554 (bring about); pp. apm. gewealdene (subject), 1732 (cp. Lat. 'subditum facere').

ge-wealden, see ge-wealdan.

wealdend, m. -c., ruler, wielder, i.e., God; abs., waldend, 1693; gs. wealdendes, 2857, waldendes 2292, 3109; ds. wealdende, 2329; --w/ gen. (wuldres, ylda, etc.); ns. wealdend, 17, waldend 1661, 1752, 2741, 2875; as. ~, 183.

Wealh-o(w) (the form with final w in 612 only), str. & wk.f., Hrgr's queen; 612, 1162, 1215, 2173; ds. -n, 629; as. -o, 664. [wealh 'foreign', 'Celtic', 'Welsh', 'Gaulish'; ow 'captive' (carried off in war) - misapplied epithet of rse??, see Malone 1926]

weallan, redup., well, surge, boil; pres. ptc. nsn. weallende, 847, npn. ~, 546, weallendu 581; pret. 3 sg. wol, 515, 849, 1131, 1422, woll 2136, 2593, 2693, 2714, 2882, weall, 2225; --fig., of emotions; (subject: hreer, brost,) pret. 3 sg. woll, 2113, 2331, 2599 (~ sefa wi sorgum); (subject: wlnas,) pres. 3 pl. wealla, 2065; pres. ptc. asf. (sorge) weallinde, 2464. [Go. wulan]

weall-clif**, n., cliff (see weal(l)); as., 3132.

weard, m., ward(en), watchman, guardian, keeper, lord, possessor; 229, 286, 921, 1741, 2239, 2413, 2513, 2580, 3060; as. ~, 2524, 2841, 3066; vs. ~, 1390. [Go. (dara-)wards] --Cpds.: bt-, eor-, el-, gold-, hord-, h-, land-, ren-, sele-, yrfe-; hlford (contract., orig. = hlf-weard 'loaf-guard'); or-wearde.

weard, f., ward, watch, vigil; as. -e, 319. --Cpds.: ag-, eoton-, ferh-, hafod-.

weardian, w2., ward, guard, (*)occupy; pret. 3 sg. weardode, 105, 1237; 1 pl. weardodon, 2075; --lst weardian: (1) follow; pret. 3 sg. weardode, 2164 (w/ dat.). (2) remain behind; inf., 971; so: swae weardian; pret. 3 sg. weardade, 2098 (w/ dat.).

wearn, f., (hindrance), **refusal; as. wearne (getoh, refuse, cp. forwyrnan), 366. --Cpd.: un-wearnum.

wa-spel(l)**, n., tidings of woe; ds. -spelle, 1315.

weaxan, redup., wax, grow, increase, flourish; 3115; pres. 3 sg. weaxe, 1741; pret. 3 sg. wox, 8. [Go. wahsjan]

ge-weaxan, redup., wax, increase; pret. 3 sg. gewox, 66; develop (so as to bring something about, t): ~, 1711.

web(b)(**)+, n. -ja., web, tapestry; np. web, 995. --cp. freou-webbe, ge-wif.

weccan, w1., wake, rouse, stir up; weccean, 2046, 3024; weccan, 3144 (kindle); pret. 3 sg. wehte, 2854. [Go. (us-)wakjan; see OE. wccan, wcnan] --Cpd.: t-.

wed(d), n. -ja., pledge; ds. wede, 2998. [Go. wadi; OE. weddian>MnE.wed]

weder, n., weather; np., 1136; gp. -a, 546.

Wederas, m.p., =Weder-Gatas (cf. Hras, 'Elene' l.58=Hr-Gotan, l.20); gp. Wedera, and (in the second part of the MS, except 2186 & 2336, regularly:) Wedra; 423, 498, 2120; ~ lode (-a, -um), 225, 697, 1894, 2900, 3156; ~ lod, 341; ~ oden (helm), 2336, 2462, 2656, 2705, 2786, 3037.

Weder-Gatas, see Gatas.

Weder-mearc, f., land of the (Weder-)Geats; ds. -e, 298. (cf. (Den-)mark)

weg,m., way; as. in on weg, away, 264, 763, 844, 1382, 1430, 2096; [on wg, F. 43]. [Go. wigs] --Cpds.: feor-, fold-, for-, wd-.

wg (wag)(*), m., wave; as., 3132. [Go. wgs, Ger. Woge]

wegan, V, carry, wear, have (feelings); 3015; pres. 3 sg. wige, 599; opt. 3 sg. wege, 2250; pret. 1 sg. wg, 1777; 3 sg. ~, 152 (carry on), 1207, 1931, 2464, 2704, 2780. [weigh; Go. (ga-)wigan] --Cpd.: t-.

ge-wegan**, V, fight; 2400. [ON. vega; cp. OE. wgan]

wg-flota (wag-)*, wk.m., wake-floater, ship; as. -flotan, 1907.

wehte, see weccan.

wl, well, adv. (always stressed), well, very much, rightly; wl, 186, 289, 639, 1045, 1792, 1821, 1833, 1854, 2570, 2601, 2855; well, 1951, 2162, 2812. [well dial. weel; Go. wala]

Wland, m., famous smith of Germanic legend; gs. -es, 455. [cf. ON. vl 'artifice'; High German Wielant(d), ON. Volundr; MnE. Wayland (dial. pronunc.)] see n.455.

wl-hwylc(*), pron., every (one); adj.: gpm. -ra, 1344; --subst., nsm. wlhwylc, 266; asn. (everything) ~, 874.

welig, adj., wealthy, rich; asm. -ne, 2607.

wl-ungen(*), adj. (pp.), accomplishd, excellent; nsf., 1927 (or: wl ungen?). [see on, I]

wn, f. -i., expectation; 734, 1873, 2323, 2910; as., 383, 1845 (something to be expected, likely); dp. wnum, 2895. [Go. wns, Ger. Wahn] --cp. orwna.

wnan, w1., ween, expect, think; w/ inf.: pret. 1 sg. wnde, 933; w/ t-clause: pres. 1 sg. wn' ic, 338, 442, wne (ic) 1184; pret. 3 sg. wnde, 2329; 3 pl. wndon, 937, 1604; --(expect;) w/ gen.: pres. 1 sg. wne, 272 (think), 2522; w/ gen. & inf.: inf., 185; w/ gen. & t (from): inf., 157; pres. 1 sg. wne (ic), 525, wne 2923; 3 sg. wne, 600; w/ gen. & t-clause: pret. 3 sg. wnde, 2239; 3 pl. wndon, 778, 1596; w/ t: pres. 1 sg. wne, 1396. [Go. wnjan]

wendan, w1., turn; pres. 3 sg. wende, 1739 (intr.). [wend; windan; Go. wandjan] --Cpd.: on-.

ge-wendan, w1., turn (trans.); pret. 3 sg. gewende, 315; change (trans.), inf. 186.

Wendlas (or Wendle), m.p., Vandals(?) or inhabitants of Vendel in Uppland, Sweden, or inhabitants of Vendill in North Jutland (mod. Vendsyssel); gp. Wendla, 348.

wennan, w1., (accustom, attach to oneself), *entertain, present; pret. opt. 3 sg. wenede, 1091. [ON. venja] --Cpd.: be-.

Woh-stn (Wox-), see Wh-stn.

weora, gp., see wer.

weorc, n., work, deed; (see word); gs. weorces, 2299; ds. weorce, 1568; as. weorc, 74, 1656; gp. worca, 289; dp. weorcum, 2096; worcum, 1100, 1833; --Cpds.: ellen-, heao-, niht-; ge-weorc.

ge-weorc, n., work; gs. geweorces, 2711; --(something wrought), handiwork; ns. geweorc, 455, 1562, 1681; as. ~, 2717, 2774. --Cpds.: ar-, fyrn-, g-, hond-, land-, n-.

weorod, see werod.

weorpan, III, throw; w/ acc., pret. 3 sg. wearp, 1531; w/ instr. (throw out,), ~ 2582; --**w/ acc. of pers. & (instr.) gen. of thing (wteres), sprinkle; inf., 2791. [Go. warpan; MnE. warp] --Cpds.: for-, ofer-.

weor, adj., valued, dear, honoured; 1814; comp. weorre, 1902. [Go. wars; MnE. worth] see wyre, weorian.

weor, n., worth, value, price; treasure; ds. -e, 2496. [Go. war(s)]

weoran, III,
  I. happen, come to pass, arise; 2526, 3068; pret. 3 sg. wear, 767, 1280, 1302, 2003; pp. geworden, 1304, 3078. --w/ t & dat., (turn to), become, prove a source of; inf., 1707; pret. 1 sg. wear, 2501; 3 sg. ~, 460, 905, 1261, 1330, 1709, 2071, 2078, 2384; 3 pl. wurdon, 2204; opt.(?) 2 sg. wurde, 587; --w/ pred. adj. or noun, become; inf., wuran, 807; pres. 3 sg. weore, 2913; 3 pl. weora, 2066, wura 282; pret. 3 sg. wear, 77, 149, 409, 555, 753, 753, 816, 818, 913, 1255, 1269, 1775, 2378, 2392, 2482, 2612; 3 pl. wurdon, 228; opt. 3 sg. wurde, 2731; similarly, pret. 3 sg.: on fylle wear ('fell'), 1544.
  II. as an auxiliary (verb), w/ pp. of trans. verbs; inf. weoran, 3177; pres. 3 sg. weore, 414; pret. 3 sg. wear, 6, 902, 1072, 1239, 1437, 1947, 2310, 2692, 2842, 2961, 2983; w/ pp. of intr. verbs: pret. 3 sg. wear, 823, 1234.
[Go. waran, Ger. werden; cp. Lat. vertere]

ge-weoran, III,
  I. auxiliary, w/ pp. of trans. verb: pret. 3 sg. gewear, 3061.
  II. impers., w/ acc. of pers. & gen. of thing, suit, seem good, (pers.:) agree upon, decide; (w/ following t-clause:) pret. 3 sg. gewear, 1598 (agree in thinking); pp. ([h]afa) geworden, 2026; (agree upon), settle, inf. 1996.

weor-ful(l) (**)+, adj., worthy, illustrious; supl. -fullost, 3099.

weorian, w2., honour, exalt; adorn; pret. 1 sg. weorode, 2096; opt. 3 sg. weorode, 1090; pp. geweorad, 250, 1450; geweorod, 1959, 2176; gewurad, 331, 1038, 1645. [weor] --Cpd.: wg-geweorad.

weor-lce, adv., worthily, splendidly; supl. -lcost, 3161; [comp. wurlcor, F. 37].

weor-mynd, f.n.(m.) -i., honour, glory; 65; as., 1559 (wigena ~, i.e. 'sword'; cf. Lat. 'decus', 'gloria'); gp. -a, 1752; dp. -um, 8, wormyndum, 1186.

weotena, see wita.

weotian (witian), w2., in weotod, pp., appointed, ordained, assured, destined; apf. -e, 1936; [witod, F. 26]. [OS. witod, pp.; Go. wit 'law'] --cp. be-witian.

wer, m., man; 105; gs. weres, 1352 (male person); as. wer, 1268, [3172]; np. weras, 216, 1222, 1233, 1440, 1650; gp. wera, 120, 993 (~ ond wfa), 1731, 3000, [F. 37], weora 2947; dp. werum, 1256. [Go. war, OHG. wer; cf. MnE. werewolf; cp. Lat. vir 'man, hero', virile, virtue, Skt. vra 'heroic', 'hero', Av. vira, Lith. vyras, Toch. wir, OIr. fer, fir, W. gwr]

wered(**), n., sweet drink (mead?); as., 496. (elsewhere adj., 'sweet')

werga (wrga?), wk.adj., accursed, evil; gsm. wergan (gstes): 133, 1747. see werho.

wrge, -um, see wrig.

(ge-)wrgian, w2., weary, fatigue, tire; pp. gewrgad, 2852. [wrig]

werho(*), f., torment, punishment, damnation; as., 589. [Go. wargia] see heoro-wearh, grund-wyrgen.

werian, w1., defend, protect; 541; pres. 3 sg. were, 453; pret. 3 sg. werede, 1205, 1448; 1 pl. weredon, 1327; pp. npm. (byrnum) werede: 238, 2529. see wergend. [Go. warjan] --Cpd.: be-.

wrig, adj., weary; w/ gen. (from); (ses) wrig, 579; dsm. (~) wrgum, 1794; w/ dat., exhausted (by); asf. wrge, 2937. [OS. (s-)wrig] --Cpds.: da-, fyl-, g-.

wrig-md*, adj., weary-hearted, disheartened; 844, 1543.

werod, n., band, host, company, troop; 651; weorod, 290, 2014, 3030; gs. werodes, 259, 3154; ds. werede, 1215, weorode 1011, 2346; as. (or ap.) werod, 319; gp. weoroda, 60, wereda 2186. [OE. wer 'man'?] --Cpds.: eorl-, flet-.

wer-od(*), f., people, nation; ap. (ofer) werode, 899 (cp. 1705).

wesan, see eom.

West-Dene, see Dene.

wste, adj. -ja., waste(d), deserted; asm. wstne, 2356. [OS. wsti]

wste(n), n. -ja., waste, desert, wilderness; wsten, 1265; f. -j (Siev. 248 n.3), ds. wstenne, 2298.

wc, n., dwelling place, abode; (pl. freq. w/ sg. meaning); gp. wca, 125, 1125; dp. wcum, 1612, 3083, wcun 1304; ap. (as.?) wc, 821, 2589. [fr. Lat. vicus; Go. weihs, MnE. wick, cf. Norwich, etc.] --Cpds.: da-, hra-.

ge-wcan(*), I, give way, fail; pret. 3 sg. gewc, 2577, 2629. [cp. un-wc-lc; Ger. weichen]

wicg(*), n. -ja., horse; 1400; ds. wicge, 234, 286; as. wicg, 315; gp. wicga, 1045; ap. wicg, 2174.

wc-stede*, m. -i., dwelling-place, home, homestead; 2462; as., 2607.

wd, adj., wide, extended, spacious, gsn.wk. wdan, 1859; asn. wd, [2473]; apm. wde, 877, 1965; (of time,) ds.wk. wdan, 933, asm. wk. ~, 2014 (see feorh). comp. asn. wdre, 763, see ge-windan.

wd-c(**)+, adj., widely known, famous; nsn., 1256; gsm. -es, 1042; asm. -ne, 1489, [1991].

wde, adj., widely, far and wide, far; 74, 79, 898, 1959, 2261, 2913; wde geond eoran: 266, 3099; wde sprang: 18, 1588, (similarly) 2582; wde gesne: 1403, 2316, 2947, 3158; wde c: 2135, 2923, [F. 25].

wde-ferh(*), m. ., in: as., adv., for a long time, forever, ever; [702], 937, 1222.

wd-floga**, wk.m., far-flier; 2830; as. -flogan, 2346.

ge-widre, n. -ja., weather, storm; ap. gewidru, 1375. [weder; Ger. Gewitter]

wd-scofen**, adj. (pp.), pushed far, far-reaching, great; 936. [scfan]

wd-wegas*, m.p., wide-stretched ways, distant/far-extending regions; ap. (geond) ~, 840, 1704.

wf, n., woman, lady; 615, 2120; gs. wfes, 1284; ds. wfe, 639, 2028 (is.); as. wf, 1158; gp. wfe, 993. [ON. víf (arch.), OFris. wíf, OHG. wíb, Ger. weib 'woman' (somewhat vulgar, also arch.), Du. wijf 'girl, babe' (earlier, 'bitch'), MnE. wife < Gmc. *wíbam (outside of Gmc. this word only has cognates in Tocharian, i.e. Toch.-B. kwí 'female pudenda, cunt; shame, dishonour', Toch.-A. kip 'ibid.' (< IE. *ghwíbh-): cf. Watkins (p.32), cf. Schmidt & Strunk)] --Cpds.: glac-, mere-.

ge-wif (or ge-wife) (**)+, n. -i., web (of destiny), fortune; ap. gewiofu, 697. [wefan]

wf-lufu (-lufe)*, wk.f., love for a woman (or wife); np. -lufan, 2065.

wg, n. (or m.), war, fight, warfare; 23, 1080, 2316, 2872; gs. wges, 65, 886, 1268; ds. wge, 1084, 1337, 2629; wigge 1656, 1770; as. wg, 685, 1083, 1247; --fighting force, valour; ns. wg, 350, 1042; gs. wges, 2323; as. wg, 2348. --Cpd.: fe-.

wiga, wk.m., warrior; 629; gp. wigena, 1543, 1559, 3115; dp. wigum, 2395. [Sc. wie, wy(e)] --Cpds.: sc-, byrn-, gr-, g-, lind-, rand-, scyld-.

wgan(**), I, fight; 2509. [(IE. *ueik-), Go. weihan, OHG. (ubar)wehan 'conquers', O.Ir. fichid 'fights', Lat. uinc 'conquers'] see wgend; ge-wegan.

wg-bealu**, n. -wa., war-bale, war; as., 2046.

wg-bil(l)**, n., battle-sword, (-bill); -bil, 1607.

wg-bord*, n., battle-shield (board); as., 2339.

wg-crft(**)+, m., prowess, war-strength(/-craft/-skill); as., 2953.

wg-crftig**, adj., strong/skilful in battle; asm. -ne, 1811.

wgend(*), m. -c., warrior; 3099; np. wgend, 1125, 1814, 3144, [F> 47]; gp. wgendra, 429, 899, 1972, 2337; ap. wgend, 3024; [cp. ~, F. 10]. --Cpd.: gr-.

wige, see wegan.

wg-freca**, wk.m., warrior; as. -frecan, 2496; np. ~, 1212.

wg-fruma**, wk.m., war-chief; 664; ds. -fruman, 2261.

wigge, see wg.

wg-getwa**, f. -w.p., war-equipment; dp. -getwum, 368. [cp. Go. twa; Siev. 43 n.4] see g-getwa, ored-, gryre-, hilde-geatwe.

wg-geweorad(**), adj. (pp.), distinguished in battle (war-worthied); 1783. see weorian.

wg-gryre**, m. -i., war horror, martial terror/power; 1284.

wg-heafola**, wk.m., war-head, i.e. helmet; as. -heafolan, 2661.

wg-hap**, m., band of warriors; 477.

wg-hete**, m. -i., (war-hate), war; 2120.

wg-hryre**, m. -i., fall in fight; as., 1619.

Wg-lf, m., a Wagmunding, kinsman & retainer of Bowulf; 2602, 2631, 2862, 2906, 3076; vs., 2745; as. Wlf, 2852. [wg 'valour', 'war' or wh, woh 'deity', 'idol'; lf 'remainder', 'legacy']

wg-sigor*, (n. -c.)m., (war-)victory; as. (or ds.), 1554.

wg-spd*, f. -i., success in war, victory; gp. -a, 697. [speed]

wigtig, see wtig.

wg-weorung*, f., honouring idols, religious sacrifice; ap. -a, 176. [wh, woh, 'idol', 'image' (cf. Wg-lf, Wh-/Woh-stn); cp. Go. weihs 'holy', 'sacred']

Wh-stn, Woh-stn, m., father of Wglf; Wohstn, 2613; gs. Whstnes (sunu): 2752, 3076, 3120, 2862 (Woh-), 2602 (Wox-); (byre) Whstnes: 2907, 3110. [wg, woh 'deity', 'idol'; stn 'stone'; ON. Vsteinn]

wiht, fn. -i. (Siev. 267b & n.3), (1) (wight), creature, being; 120; as., 3038 (fem.). (2) anything (in negat. clauses); ns. wiht, 2601; as. ~, 581, 1660, 2348, 2857; --ds. wihte used adverbially, in any way, at all, in negat. clauses: 186, 1514, 1995, 2277, 2464, 2687, 2923, in interr. clause: 1991; as. wiht used adverbially (in negat. clauses), at all, 541, 862, 1083, 1735, 2854. [wight, whit(?); Go. wahts] --Cpds.: ht, l-, -wiht.

wil-cuma, wk.m., welcome person, also used like adj.; np. -cuman, 388, 394, 1894. [willa]

wildor [wild-dor], n., wild beast; ap., 1430. [deer; cf. Siev. 289]

Wilfingas, see Wylfingas.

wil-geofa*, wk.m., joy-giver, lord; 2900. [willa]

wil-ges*, m., dear companion; np. -gesas, 23. [willa]

willa, wk.m., will, wish, desire; ds. (nes) willan ('for the sake of one'), 3077; as. willan, 635 (good will); on ~, 1739; ofer ('against') ~, 2409, 2589; gp. wilna, 1344(?); dp. (sylfes) willum ('of his own will', 'according to his own wishes'), 2222, 2639; --gratification, pleasure, delight, joy; ns., 626, 824; ds. willan, 1186, 1711; as. ~, 2307; dp. willum ('delightfully'), 1821; --desirable/good thing; gp. wilna, 660, 950, 1344.

willan, anv., want to, wish, desire; be about to, (will); (1) w/ inf.; pres. 1 sg. wille, 344, 351, 427; wylle, 947, 2148, 2512; neg.: nelle, 679, 2524; 2 sg. wylt, 1852; 3 sg. wille, 442, 1184; wile, 346, 446, 1049, 1181, 1832; wyle, 2864; 1 pl. wylla, 1818; [3 pl. willa, F. 9]; opt. [2 sg. wylle, F. 27]; 3 sg. wille, 979, 1314; pret. 1 sg. wolde, 2497; 3 sg. ~, 68, 154, 200, 645, 664, 738, 755, 796, 880, 1010, 1041, 1094 (opt.?), 1277, 1292, 1339, 1494, 1546, 1576, 1791, 1805, 2083, 2090, 2160, 2186, 2294, 2305, 2308, 2315, 2588, 2858, 2940, [F. 21, opt.?]; neg.: nolde, 791, 803, 812, 1523; 3 pl. woldon, 3171; opt. 1 sg. wolde, 2729; neg.: nolde, 2518; 2 sg. wolde, 1175; 3 sg. ~, 988, 990, 2376; 1 pl. woldon, 2636; 3 pl. ~, 482. (2) without inf.; w/ omission of verb of motion: pres. 1 sg. wille, 318; opt. 3 sg. ~, 1371; pret. 1 sg. wolde, 543, cp. 2497 (wesan understood); w/ inf. understood from preceding verb: pres. 3 sg. (fremme s e! ) wille, 1003, similarly: 1394, 2766 (wylle); pret. 3 sg. wolde, 1055, 3055; neg., abs.: ( metod) nolde ('willed it not'), 706, 967. [Go. wiljan, Ger. wollen]

wilnian, w2., desire, ask for (gen.); w/ t (from, at); 188.

wil-s(*), m., wished-for journey; as., 216. [willa]

wn, n., wine; ds. wne, 1467; as. wn, 1162, 1233. [fr. Lat. vinum; Go. wein]

wn-rn(**)+, n., wine-hall; gs. -es, 654.

wind, m., wind; 1374, 1907; ds. -e, 217, 1132. [Go. winds]--Cpd.: noran-.

win-dg(**), m., day or labour/strife; dp. windagum, 1062. see winnan, ge-win(n).

windan, III, (1) intr., wind, fly, curl, eddy; pret. 3 sg. wand, 1119; 3 pl. wundon, 212. (2) trans., twist; pp. wunden (gold, 'made into rings', 'twisted (gold)'), 1193, 3134. [Go. -windan] Cpds.: t-, be-, on-.

ge-windan, III, go, turn; pret. 3 sg. (on flam) gewand, 1001; --inf. (wdre) gewindan, reach by flight (a more remote place), 763.

wind-blond**, n., tumult of winds; 3146.

wind-geard**, m., home of the winds; 1224.

windig, adj., windy; asf. windge, 2456; apm. windige, 572, 1358.

wine(*), m. -i., friend, (friendly) lord/protector; 30, 148, 2101; gs. wines, 3096; ds. wine, 170; as. ~, 350, 376, 2026; vs. ~, 1183, wine (mn): 457, 530, 1704, (mn) wine 2047; gp. winigea, 1665; --applied to retainers (cp. mgas): gp. winia 2567, dp. winum, 1418. [OS. OHG. wini, ON. vinr, Dan. ven; cf. Go. winja 'grass-field, 'fodder'] --Cpds.: fra-, fro-, gold-, g-, mag-; Ing-.

wine-drihten*, m., friend and lord; ds. -drihtne, 360; as. -drihten, 862, 1604; -dryhten, 2722, 3175.

wine-gemor**, adj., mourning one's friends; 2239.

wine-las*, adj., friendless (ref. to exile); dsm. -um, 2613.

wine-mag*, m., friend and kinsman, retainer; np. -mgas, 65.

winia, winigea, see wine.

ge-win(n), n., strife, struggle, contest, fight; gs. gewinnes, 1721; as. gewin, 798 (see drogan), 877, 1469 (turmoil); strife, hardship; ns. gewin, 133, 191; as. ~, 1781. --Cpds.: fyrn-, -.

winnan, III, contend, fight, struggle; imp. pl. winna [F. [12]]; pret. 2 sg. wunne, 506; 3 sg. wan, 144, 151, won 1132; 3 pl. wunnon, 113, 777. [Go. winnan; OE. (ge-)winnan>MnE. win]

wn-rece*, n., wine-hall; as., 714, 993.

wn-sele*, m. -i., wine-hall; 771; ds., 695; as., 2456.

winter, m., (1) winter; 1132, 1136; gs. wintrys, 516; as. winter, 1128. (2) pl. (in reckoning), years ('winters'); gp. wintra, 147, 264, 1927, 2209, 2278, 2733, 3050; dp. wintrum (frd), 1724, 2114, 2277. [Go. wintrus] --cp. syfan-wintre.

ge-wiofu, see ge-wif.

wr*, m., wire, metal band, ornament; gp. -a, 2413; dp. -um, 1031.

ws, adj., wise; 1845, 3094 (sound in mind); nsf., 1927; nsm.wk. wsa, 1400, 1698, 2329; asm.wk. wsan, 1318; gpm. wsra, 1413 [< Gmc. *wíssaz < IE. *weid- 'to see' (Watkins 96:weid-/Pokorny 2. u(e)di- [misprint for u(e)id-] 1126); cf. OFr. guise 'manner' (> MnE. guise) < Gmc. *wíssaz]. see add. related etyml. notes under OE. witan.

wsa*, wk.m., leader; 259. [cp. wsian] --Cpds.: brim-, here-, hilde-.

wscan (wscan), w1., wish; pret. 3 pl. wston, 1604.

ws-dm, m., wisdom; 350; ds. -e, 1959 [wís].

wse, wk.f., wise, way, manner, fashion; as. ealde wsan (semi-adv.), 'after the old fashion', 1865. (cp. 'Blickling Homilies' 177.33: re wsan)

ws-fst(*), adj., wise; nsf., 626.

ws-hycgende**, adj. (pres. ptc.), wise in thought; 2716.

wsian, w2., show the way, guide, direct, lead; abs.: pret. 3 sg. wsode, 402; w/ dat. of pers.: pres. 1 sg. wsige, 292, 3103; pret. 3 sg. wsode, 320, 1663; wsade (w/ adv. of motion): 370, 1795; --w/ acc., show/lead the way to (a place); inf., 2409; pret. 3 sg. wsade, 208. [Go. -weisn]

ge-wis-lce, adv., certainly; supl. -lcost, 1350. [iwis, ywis (arch.); cf. Go. unwiss, Ger gewiss]

wisse, -on, see witan.

wist, f. -i., (sustenance), feast(ing), abundance, prosperity; ds. -e, 128, 1735. [wesan; cf. Go. biwisan 'take pleasure']

wiste, -on, see witan.

wist-fyllo**, wk.f., fill of feasting, plentiful meal; gs. -fylle, 734.

wston, see wscan.

wit(t), n. -ja., wit, intelligence; wit, 589. --Cpds.: fyr-, ge-.

ge-wit(t), n. -ja., intellect, senses, wit; ds. gewitte, 2703; --(seat of intellect), head; ds. ~, 2882. [see wit(t)]

wit, pers. pron., see ic. [Go. wit]. see witan below for etyml. notes.

wita, wk.m., wise man, councilor, advisor; np. witan, 778; gp. witena, 157, 266, 936; weotena, 1098. [witan] --Cpds.: fyrn-, rn-.

witan, pret-pres., know; witan, 252, 288; pres. 1 sg. wt, 1331, 1830, 1863, 2534, 2656; neg. (ic) nt (hwylc, cp. nthwylc), 274; 2 sg. wst, 272; 3 sg. wt, 2650; neg. nt, 681; opt. 3 sg. wite, 1367; pret. 3 sg. wisse, 169, 715, 1309, 2339, 2410, 2725; wiste, 646, 764, 821; 2 pl. wisson, 246; 3 pl. wiston, 181, 798, 878; opt. 1 sg. wiste, 2519. [(to) wit, wot, wist; < Gmc. *witan < IE. *wid- < IE. *weid- 'to see' (Watkins 96:weid-/Pokorny 2. u(e)di- [misprint for u(e)id-] 1126); cf. Gr. 'ιστωρ 'wise, learned, learned man' (> MnE. history, story), Gr. ιδεα 'appearance, form' (> MnE. idea), Gr. 'Αιδης 'the underworld' (> MnE. Hades) < IE. *wid-es-yá-; cf. OIr. find 'white', Celt. *wid- 'seer', e.g. Celt. *drui-wid- 'druid, wizard'; cf. Skt. vedah 'knowledge > holy text']. see OE. wís for add. relat! ed etyml. notes.

ge-witan, pret-pres., know, ascertain; 1350 [witan].

wtan, I, w/ dat. of pers. & acc. of thing, lay to (somebody's) charge; 2741 [< Gmc. *wítan 'to look after, guard, ascribe to, reproach' - see further etyml. notes under OE. wís]. --Cpds.: t-, o-.

ge-wtan, I, depart, go; in many instances (marked*) followed by verb of motion; freq. w/ reflex. pron.; 42; pres. 3 sg. gewte, 1360, 2460; imp. pl. gewta, 291*; pret. 3 sg. gewt, 26*, 115*, 123*, 210, 217, 234*, 662, 1236, 1263*, 1274*, 1601, 1902*, 1963*, 2387*, 2401*, 2471, 2569*, 2623 (of ealdre ~), 2819*, 2949*, 3044*, [F. 43*]; 3 pl. gewiton, 301*, 853*, 1125*. see for-gewiten, wutun.

wtig(*), adj., wise; wtig (god): 685, 1056; ~ (drihten), 1554; wigtig (~), 1841 [witan].

wtnian, w2., punish, torment; pp. gewtnad, 3073. [wte; cf. Go. fraweitan]

witod, see weotian.

ge-wittig, adj., wise, conscous; 3094. (cf. lfric, 'Homilies' ii.24.12, 142.19: gewittig 'in one's senses') [wit(t)]

wi, prep., w/ dat. & w/ acc. (marked*); basic meaning against; (motion:) against, opposite, near, towards; 213, 326*, 749*, 1977*, 1978, 2013*, 2560, 2566*, 2673* (as far as), 2925*, 3049 (in); (w/ fn, grpian, wigrpan:) 439, 1566, 2520, 2521; --(opposition, fighting, defence, protection:) against, with; 113, 144, 145, 152*, 174, 178, 294*, 319*, 384 (*?), 440, 506(*?), 540*, 550, 660, 827, 1132, 1549a*, 1549a*, (1997*), 2341, 2371, 2400, 2839, 2914*, 3004; --(mutual relation, behaviour:) towards, with; 155*, 811*, 1173*, 1864a*, 1864a*, 1954*; (conversation, transaction:) with, 365, 424*, 425, 426, cp. 1997* (agreement); (similarly:) 523, 2528*; --(association, sharing:) with; 1088*, 2534(*?), 3037*; --(mingling, close contact:) 1880 (within), 2600 (with); --(separation:) from, 733, 2423. --(note interchange of acc. & dat.: 424-24f.; 1977-81) [cp. Dan. ved, Sw! ed. vid, Ger. wider]

Wier-gyld, m., a Heao-Bard warrior; 2051. [wier 'hostile'; gyld 'reward', 'sacrifice']

wier-rhtes**, adv., opposite; 3039. [wi; Go. wira; riht]

wi-fn**, redup., w/ dat., lay hold of/on; pret. 3 sg. -fng, 760.

wi-grpan**, I, grapple with; 2521.

wi-habban, w3., w/ dat., hold out against, withstand; pret. 3 sg. -hfde, 772.

wire*, n. -ja., resistance; gs. wires, 2953. [cp. Ger. wider]

wlanc, see wlonc.

wltian*, w2., gaze, look out for (w/ gen.); pret. 3 sg. wltode, 1916. [wltan; Go. wlaitn]

wlenco, wk.f., pride, high spirit, daring; ds. (for) wlenco: 338, 1206, (~) wlence, 508. [wlonc]

wltan*, I, look, gaze; pret. 3 sg. wlt, 1572; 3 pl. wliton, 1592, wlitan 2852. --Cpd.: giond-.

wlite, m. -i., countenance, appearance, beauty; 250. [Go. wlits; wltan]

wlite-beorht*, adj., beautiful, fair, sublime; asm. -ne, 93.

wlite-son**, f. -i., sight, spectacle; 1650. cp. wundor-son.

wlitig, adj., beautiful; asn., 1662.

wlonc, adj., proud, high-spirited, bold, daring; 331; wlanc, 341; gs. wlonces, 2953; proud of, glorying in, w/ gen.: wlonc 2833, w/ dat.: wlanc 1332. --Cpd.: gold-.

wc, see wcnan.

wh, adj., crooked, perverse; dpn. wm, 1747. [Go. (un-)whs]

wh-bogen**, adj. (pp.), bent, coiled; 2827. [bgan]

wolcen, n., cloud; pl. clouds, sky, welkin; dp. (t) wolcnum: 1119, 1374; (under) wolcum: 8, 651, 714, 1631, 1770 (in 8 & 1770='on earth'); [F. 8].

wolde, see willan.

wollen-tar**, adj., with welling/gushing tears; npm. -e, 3032. [pp. of *wellan, ON. vella; cp. weallan]

wm, see wh.

wom(m), m., stain, blot, evil; dp. womum, 3073 (perh. semi-adv., grievously). [Go. wamm, wamms]

won, pret., see winnan.

won(n), adj., dark, black; nsn. won, 1374; wk.m. wonna, 3024, 3115; dsf. wanre, 702; npn. wan, 651. [wan]

wong(*), m., plain, field, land, country, place; ds. wonge, 2242, 3039, wange 2003; as. wong, 1413, 2409, 3073, wang 93, 225; np. wongas, 2462. [Go. waggs] --Cpds.: freoo-, grund-, meodo-, sa-.

wong-stede*, m. -i., place; ds., 2786.

won-hd (-hygd)*, fn. -i., recklessness; dp. -um, 434. [cp. wana; Go. wans; MnE. want]

Won-rd, m., a Geat, father of Eulf and Eofor; gs. -es, 2971. [won 'wanting', 'void of'; rd 'counsel']

Won-rding, m., son of Wonrd (i.e. Wulf); 2965.

won-sal (-slig)*, adj., unhappy; 105. [Go. wans 'lacking']

won-sceaft(*), f. -i., misery; as., 120.

wp, m., weeping, lamentation; 128; ds. wpe, 3146; as. wp, 785. [Go. wpjan]

worc, see weorc.

word, n., word; 2817; gs. -es, 79, 2791; ds. (is.) -e, 2156; as. word, 315, 341, 390, 654, 2046, 2551; np. ~, 612, 639; gp. worda, 289 (~ ond worca), 398, 2246, 2662, 3030 (wyrda n ~); dp. wordum, 30, 176, 366, 387, 626, 874, 1172, 1193, 1318, 1492, 1811, 1980, 2058, 2669, 2795, 3175; ~ (n worcum), 1100, weordum (ond ~), 1833; ap. word, 870. [Ger. Wort; cp. Lat. verbum] --Cpds.: bot-, gylp-, lafnes-, meel-, r-.

word-cwide(*), m. -i., words, speech; gp. -cwida, 1845; dp. -cwydum, 2753; ap. -cwydas, 1841. [cwean]

word-gyd(d)**, n. -ja., lay, elegy; as. -gyd, 3172.

word-hord*, n., word-hoard, store of words, (vocabulary); as., 259.

word-riht*, n., (word-right), right word, censure; gp. -a, 2631.

worhte, see wyrcan.

worn, m., large number, great quantity; freq. w/ partit. gen.; as., 264, 870, 2114 (many things), [3154]; --combined w/ eall: as. worn eall, 3094 (a great many things), w/ fela: ns. worn fela, 1783; as., 530, cp. 870. --gp. (partit. gen. depending on fela): worna fela, 2003, 2542 (cp. Go. manageins filu).

worold, f., world; (eal) worold, 1738 ('everything'); gs. worolde, 950, 1062 (~ brce, cp. Lat. mundo uti, 'live'), 1080, 1387, 1732; worulde, 2343, 3068, worlde 2711; as. worold, 60, 1183, 1681. [OHG. weralt, Ger. Welt]

worold-r(**)+, f., worldly honour; as. -e, 17.

worold-cyning*, m., (earthly) king; wyruldcyning, 3180; gp. -a, 1684.

worig, m., enclosed homestead, precinct(s); farm; as., 1972.

wor-mynd, see weor-mynd.

woruld-candel**, f., world-candle (sun); 1965.

woruld-ende**, m. -ja., end of the world; ds., 3083.

worold-radend**, m. -c., worldly practice, i.e., vengeance; ds. -e, 1142.

wracu, f., revenge, vengeance, punishment; as. wrce, 2336, 3060. [wrecan; Go. wraka] --Cpds.: gyrn-, nd-.

wrac, n., (f.?, see B.-T.), misery, distress; exile; 170; as., 3078. [cp. wrack, wreck; wrecan; Go. wrkei]

wrcca, see wrecca.

wrce, see wracu.

wrc-lst (wrac-?)*, m., track/path of exile; ap. -as, 1352.

wrc-mcg (wrac-?)*, m. -ja., banished man, outcast; np. -as, 2379. see mago.

wrc-s (wrac-?), m., exile, misery; as., 2292; dp. -um, 338. [OS. wrak-s]

wrat(t)*, f., ornament, work of art; gp. wratta, 2413; dp. wrattum, 1531; ap. wrate, [2771].

wrat-lc(*), adj., ornamental, splendid, wondrous; nsf., 1650; asm. -ne, 891, 2173; asn. -lc, 1489, 2339.

wr, adj., hostile (subst.: foe), fierce; dsm. wrum, 660, 708; asn. (or p.) wr, 319; gp. wrra, 1619. [wroth; OS. wr; cp. OE. wran]

wre, adv., grievously; 2872.

wr-lce(**), adv., cruelly, severely; 3062.

wrecan, V, drive, force; pp. wrecen, 2962; drive out; pret. 3 sg. wrc, 2706; --recite, utter; inf., 873, 3172; pres. opt. 3 sg. wrece, 2446; pret. 3 sg. wrc, 2154; pp. wrecen, 1065; --avenge; inf., 1278, 1339, 1546; pres. opt. 3 sg. wrece, 1385; pret. 1 sg. wrc, 423, 1669; 3 sg. ~, 1333. [wreak; Go. wrikan] --Cpds.: -, for-; un-wrecen. see wrecend.

ge-wrecan, V, avenge, punish; pret. 1 sg. gewrc, 2005; 3 sg. ~, 107, 2121, 2395, 2875; 3 pl. gewracan, 2479; pp. gewrecen, 3062.

wrecca, wk.m., exile (wretch), adventurer, hero; 1137; [wreccea, F. [25]]; ds. wrcca, 2613; gp. wreccena, 898. [wretch; OS. wrekkio, Ger. Recke; cp. wrecan]

wrecend, m. -c., avenger; 1256.

wreoen-hilt**, adj., with twisted hilt; nsn., 1698. [wran] (Cf. Stjerna, 23f.)

wrdian, w2., grow, flourish; pres. 3 sg. wrda, 1741.

wrtan, I, cut, engrave (write); pp. writen, 1688. [cf. Go. writs, Ger. ritzen, reissen] --Cpd.: for-.

(ge-)wran, I, (twist), bind; 964; --bind up; pret. 3 pl. wrion, 2982; inf. gewríðenne, 2216. [writhe] cp. hand-gewrien; bah-wria.

wrixl, f., exchange; ds. -e, 2969. [cp. Ger. Wechsel]

wrixlan, w1., w/ dat., change, vary, exchange; (wordum) wrixlan: 366, 874.

ge-wrixle, n. -ja., exchange; 1304. [see wrixl]

wrht, f., (accusation), quarrel, strife; 2287, 2473, 2913. [cp. wrgan; Go. wrhs]

wudu, m. -u., wood; tree(s): ns., 1364; as., 1416;--spear; as. (or p.), 398;--ship; ns., 298, 581; as., 216, 1919. --Cpds.: bal-, bord-, gomen-, heal-, holt-, mgen-, sa-, sund-, rec-; Hrefna-.

wudu-rc**, m. -i., wood-smoke; [3144]. [reek]

wuldor, n., glory, splendour, honour; gs. wuldres, 17, 183, 931, 1752. [Go. wulrs, cp. wulus] --Cpd.: kyning-.

wuldor-torht*, adj., gloriously bright; npn.wk. wuldortorhtan, 1136.

wuldur-cyning(*), m., king of glory (=god); ds. -e, 2795.

wulf, m., wolf; as., 3027. [Go. wulfs, MDu. wolf, wulf, OHG. wolf, Frank. *wulf < Gmc. *wulfaz < IE. wlkwo- 'wolf' (Watkins 102:wlkwo-/Pokorny ulkuos 1176); cf. L. lupus 'wolf', Skt. vrkas, Gr. λυκος 'wolf', Gr. λυσσα 'martial rage, madness, rabies (<'wolf-ness')' < taboo variant IE. *lukwo- 'wolf']

Wulf, m., a Geat (warrior), son of Wonrd, brother of Eofor; 2965; ds. -e, 2993. [wulf 'wolf']

Wulf-gr, m., an (Wendle) official at the court of Hrgr; 348, 360. [wulf 'wolf'; gr 'spear']

wulf-hli**, n., wolf-slope, retreat of wolves; hills with wolf-inhabited caves? (Gelling 8-9) ap. -hleou, 1358.

wund, f., wound; 2711, 2976; as. -e, 2531, 2725, 2906; dp. -um, 1113, 2687, 2830, 2937; [ap. -a, F. 47]. --Cpd.: feorh-.

wund, adj., wounded; 2746, [F. 43]; dsm. -um, 2753; npm. -e, 565, 1075. [Go. wunds]

wunden-feax**, adj., with (wound) plaited/braided hair, with curly mane; nsn., 1400. (cp. wundenloc(c))

wunden-gold, n., wound gold; 1193, 3134; ds. wundungolde, [1382] (MS wun/dmi, usually em. to wund[num]).

wunden-hals**, adj., with (wound) curved (neck i.e.) prow; 298.

wunden-mal**, n., sword with (wound) curved/twisting markings, i.e. damascened/pattern-welded sword; as., 1531. see brodgen-mal.

wunden-stefna**, wk.m., ship with (wound) curved (stem) prow; 220.

wunder-ft**, n., wonderful vessel; dp. wunderfatum, 1162. [vat]

wundor, n., wonder, wonderful thing; 771, 1724, wundur 3062; ds. wundre, 931; as. wundor, 840; wunder, 931; wundur, 2759 (?), 3032, 3103(?); gp. wundra, 1509(strange beings, monsters), 1607; dp. (adv.) wundrum, wonderfully, 1452; ap. wundur, 2759, 3103. --Cpds.: hond-, n-, searo-.

wundor-bebod**, n., strange/mysterious command (advice); dp. wundorbebodum, 1747.

wundor-da**, m., wondrous death; ds. wundordae, 3037.

wundor-lc, adj., wonderful, strange; 1440.

wundor-son**, f. -i., wondrous sight; gp. wundorsona, 995.

wundor-smi**, m., wonder-smith, smith who makes wondrous things or smith who works by wondrous art; gp. wundorsmia, 1681.

wundur-mum**, m., wondrous jewel/treasure; as., 2173.

wunian, w2., dwell, live, remain, continue, be situated; 3083 (w/ dat. [instr.]: wcum), 3128; pres. 3 sg. wuna, 284, 1735, 1923; pret. 3 sg. wunode, 1128, 2242; --w/ acc., (*)inhabit, occupy; inf., 1260; pres. 3 sg. wuna, 2902. [won (Sc., obs.), wont; Ger. wohnen; cf. Go. unwunands]

ge-wunian, w2., w/ acc., *remain with, stand by (somebody); pres. opt. 3 pl. gewunigen, 22.

wur- see weor-.

wutun, see uton.

wyl(l)e, wylla, wylt, see willan.

Wylfingas, m.p., a Germanic tribe (prob. south of the Baltic sea) (possibly connected with the East Anglian Wuffings - see Newton); dp. Wylfingum, 471, Wilfingum 461. [wulf 'wolf'; ON. Ylfingar].

wylm,m. -i., welling, surging, flood; 516, 1764, 2269, wlm, 2546; gs. wlmes, 2135 (surging water); as. wylm, 1693; ap. wylmas, 2507. [weallan] --Cpds.: brost-, brim-, bryne-, cear-, fr-, heao-, holm-, sa-, sorh-.

wyn(n), f. -j. (-i.), joy, delight, pleasure; wyn, 2262; ds. wynne, 2014; as. ~, 1080, 1730, 1801 (heofones ~, 'sun'), 2107, [2727]; dp. wynnum, 1716, 1887. [see wyn-sum; Ger. Wonne; cp. Lat. venus 'loveliness'] --Cpds.: el-, hord-, lf-, lyft-, symbel-.

wyn-las*, adj., joyless; asm. -ne, 1416; ap.(s.?)n. -las, 821.

wyn-sum, adj., joyous, pleasant, fair, winsome; asm.wk. -an, 1919; npn. -e, 612.

wyrcan, w1., work, do, make; 930; pret. 3 sg. worhte, [92], 1452; w/ gen. acquire, endeavour to win: pres. opt. 3 sg. wyrce, 1387 (cp. 1471). [Go. warkjan] --Cpd.: be-.

ge-wyrcan, w1., make, perform, carry out accomplish, achieve; 1660; gewyrcean, 69, 2337, 2802, 2906; pres. 1 sg. gewyrce, 1491; pret. 3 sg. geworhte, 1578, 2712; 3 pl. geworhton, 3156; opt. 1 sg. geworhte, 635 ('gain'); 2 pl. geworhton, 3096; pp. geworht, 1696; apm. (fste) geworhte ('disposed'), 1863; w/ t-clause, bring (it) about (that): inf. gewyrcean, 20.

wyrd, f. -i., fate, destiny; 455, 477, 572, 734 (destined), 1205, 2420, 2526, 2574, 2814; as., 1056, 1233; event, fact, gp. -a, 3030. [weird; weoran]

wyrdan, w1., injure, destroy; pret. 3 sg. wyrde, 1337. [Go. (fra-)wardjan; weoran] --Cpd.: -.

wyrm, m. -i., serpent; ap. -as, 1430; dragon, (wyrm, worm): ns., 897, 2287, 2343, 2567, 2629, 2669, 2745, 2827; gs. wyrmes, 2316, 2348, 2759, 2771, 2902; ds. wyrme, 2307, 2400, 2519; as. wyrm, 886, 891, 2705, 3039, 3132. [Go. warms, ON. ormr, OS. OHG. wurm < Gmc. *wurmiz (cf. Lat. uermis) < IE. *wrmi- 'worm' (Watkins 99:wer-3/Pokorny 3. uer- 1153), rhyme-word to IE. *kwrmi- > Skt. krmi- 'worm' > Skt. krmi-ja- '(red dye) produced by worms' > Arabic qirmiz 'kermes (=red dye)' > MnE. crimson] see draca.

wyrm-cyn(n), n. -ja., race of serpents; gs. -cynnes, 1425.

wyrm-fh**, adj., serpent-patterned, (as applied to sword, i.e., pattern-welded, damascened); nsn., 1698. (cf. Stjerna 22, 29; cp. brogden-mal, wag-sweord)

wyrm-hord**, n., dragon's (wyrm's) hoard; wk.gs.(?), (?)wyrmhordan, or (?)wyrmhorda (gp.?), or (?)wyrmhordas (gs. : -as as reverse spelling as usu. gs. -es, Kberl, pers. comm.), [2221].

wyrp, f. -j., change (for the better); as., -e, 1315. [weorpan]

ge-wyrpan, w1., refl., recover; pret. 3 sg. (hyne) gewyrpte, 2976. [see wyrp]

wyrsa, compar. (cp. posit. yfel), worse; gsn. (or p.) wyrsan, 525; dsf. ~, 2969; asn. wyrse, 1739; inferior (applied to foreigners, enemies): asm. wyrsan (wg-frecan), 2496; npm. ~ (~), 1212. [Go. warsiza]

wyrt, f. -i., root; dp. -um, 1364. [wort; Go. warts]

wyre, adj. -ja., w/ gen., worthy of, fit for; npm., 368; comp. nsm. wyrra, 861; --entitled to, possessed of; asm. wyrne (gedn), 2185. [weor; Go. wars] --Cpds.: fyrd-, hord-.

wyruld-, see worold-.